384 Natural Resources - Management Practices
TIMBER MANAGEMENT PRACTICES
Natural resources management practices should encompass the multiple uses made
of natural forests and woodlands, and forest plantations.
That is, these ecosystems should
be managed, when and where appropriate, to provide timber to be processed into lumber,
plywood, and paper, food and shelter for livestock and wildlife species, and sites for
organized campgrounds and picnic area.
Timber, therefore, is only one of these multiple
Timber management decisions must consider impacts on other products and uses
that can be obtained from forests, woodlands, and plantations.
is the art of tending to natural forests and woodlands, and forest
plantation to ensure their sustainable development and renewal.
include intermediate cuttings and the reproductive methods that sustain and renew the
forest, woodland, or plantation throughout the rotational cycle.
are aggregations of
trees occupying the same area and distinguishable from the trees found on adjacent areas.
Stands can be the primary units of planning and implementing timber management
forest, woodland, or plantation produces a continuous flow of timber.
The amount of timber that is available for harvesting in a specified time period is the
represents the number of years that are required to
establish and grow timber crops to a specified condition of maturity.
includes two steps - felling and bucking of trees; and
skidding, loading, and transporting the timber to the processing mill.
Silvicultural treatments are incorporated into the management practices of natural
forests and woodlands, and forest plantations.
A distinction is made in silviculture between
Reproductive methods are orderly
manners by which natural forests and woodlands, and forest plantations are established or
Silvicultural systems are more comprehensive in scope, including applications of
intermediate cuttings throughout the rotational cycle of a forest, woodland, or plantation.
Two broad categories of reproductive methods are recognized - natural
Natural reproductive methods,