Lecture6Hist124Feb22009 - History 124 Lecture 6 William...

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History 124 William Meier Lecture 6 2/2/09 1) Board Terms a) Robinocracy and the Politics of Reasonableness i) Sir Robert Walpole (1676-1745) ii) South Sea Bubble, 1720 iii) “Skreen Master” iv) “Norfolk Congressess” at Houghton Hall v) Patronage vi) Placemen vii)“Bloody Code” viii) Excise crisis, 1733 ix) “Patriot” opposition x) Literary opposition (1) Jonathon Swift, Alexander Pope, Henry Fielding (2) The Craftsman and the Beggar’s Opera (1728) xi) War of Jenkins’ Ear b) 18 th Century Landed Society i) Population in 1700: 5 Million (England) ii) Social Hierarchy (1) Title nobility: 200 families (a) Justices of Peace (JPs) (2) Gentry 15,000 families (3) Freeholders and tenant farmers: 350,000 families (4) Farm laborers, servants, cottagers: 400,000 plus families iii) Land (1) Primogeniture (2) Strict settlement (3) Entailment iv) Power (1) Rent and natural resources (2) Status (3) Patronage and deference (4) Politics (5) Justice 2) Lecture Review a) End of the era of Rage of Party i) Reasons (1) Key issues (a) Great Britain is at peace (i) Key dividing line between whigs and tories was the war (b) Failed jacobite uprising in 1715 (i) Patriotism increased, leading tories were discredited 1. Tories voted out (c) Septennial Act increased years between elections (d) Seats widely uncontested (e) Sir Robert Walpole 3) Robinocracy and the Politics of Reasonableness, 1721-1742
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History 124 William Meier Lecture 6 2/2/09 a) Sir Robert Walpole (1676-1745) i) South Sea Bubble 1720 (1) Walpole gains credit for spinning investigations into allegation of insider trading (a) Comes up with investment saving package
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