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ch2cont - PredictingBehavior Examples IncomeandIQscore...

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Predicting Behavior: Correlational Research Studies where the relationships between two or more variables are measured Examples Income and IQ score Height and shoe size
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Correlation Strength and direction
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Evaluating Correlation Research Strengths Works on non-manipulated variables Allows for prediction Limitations Correlation does not equal Causation (6th flag of scientific thinking) Direction of Influence is unknown: Paranormal Beliefs Doomed Worldview
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Limitations to Correlational Research cont. Third Variable Problem A region’s rate of ice cream consumption & drownings Your happiness and your friend’s happiness
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Designing Experiments: Independent Variable The aspect of a situation that is ________________ while another aspect is _______________. Examples Amount of practice at a task allowed Receiving either a drug or placebo Presenting visual vs. auditory stimuli Temperature of room
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Designing Experiments: Dependent Variable
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