ch6.learningpart2

ch6.learningpart2 - • Shaping – Through “successive...

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Operant Conditioning: Examples Tantrums are punished--> fewer tantrums Tantrums bring attention-->more tantrums Slot machine pays out-->gamble more Reward dog for sitting-->dog is likely to sit How does this happen? How does this happen?
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Operant Conditioning The process whereby a behavior becomes associated with its consequences Thorndike’s puzzle box Law of Effect
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B.F. Skinner’s “Operant Chamber”
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Operant Conditioning: Principles Reinforcement Punishment Positive Negative
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Punishment Keys: Swift, consistent, appropriately aversive Challenges Does not teach acceptable behavior Increases aggressive behaviors Increases fear of the person who punishes Combine with negative reinforcement
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Acquiring Operantly- Conditioned Behavior Discriminant Stimulus Primary reinforcers Secondary reinforcers
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Unformatted text preview: • Shaping – Through “successive approximations” Reinforcement Schedules • Continuous reinforcement • Partial reinforcement – More resistant to extinction: • Fixed interval • Variable interval • Fixed ratio • Variable ratio Beyond Basic Reinforcement • Extinction – Why be kind if it goes unnoticed? – Why raise your hand if you don’t get called on? • Spontaneous recovery – Try again…just in case Cognitive Learning • Latent learning: Knowledge vs. Action – Tolman’s rats Observational Learning • Bandura’s social learning theory – Bobo doll study – Modeling: QuickTimeª and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. Children’s Aggression Productive play model Control (no model) Aggressive model Low High...
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2009 for the course PSYC 100 taught by Professor Madigan during the Fall '07 term at USC.

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ch6.learningpart2 - • Shaping – Through “successive...

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