Ch9.Intell

Ch9.Intell - Ch. 9: Types of Intelligence QuickTime and a...

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Unformatted text preview: Ch. 9: Types of Intelligence QuickTime and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. What is intelligence? General Consensus of Experts: Reason abstractly Adapt to novel environmental circumstances Acquire knowledge Benefit from experience Theories of Intelligence Unitary views An overall or general intellectual capacity Example: Spearmans g (general) factor of intelligence Emphasize similarities in scores on intelligence subtests Multiple intelligences views Independent abilities Example: Howard Gardners Seven Intelligences; Robert Sternbergs Triarchic Theory Emphasizes differences in scores on intelligence subtests Hypothetical relationship between g and specific abilities: Test Score Larger g Smallerg V S Q V S Q V=verbal S=spatial Q=quantitative The IQ test Early approach (Binet and Simon) IQ = (mental age / chronological age) *100 Mental age is based on the problems that most people that age can solve ex: an 8 year old at a 10 year olds ability level: 10/8 *100 = 125 IQ ex: a 10 year old at an 8 year olds ability level: 8/10*100 = 80 IQ Deviation IQ Raw scores are converted to mean of 100, standard deviation of 15: QuickTime and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. Distribution of IQ in the population Mentally impaired: < 70 (2 SDs below) Borderline: 70-85 (1-2 SDs below) Average: 85-115 (within 1 SD of mean) High Average: 115-130 (1-2 SDs above) Gifted: 130+ (2+SDs above mean) ~68% 95% 2.5% 2.5% WAIS Subtests:Verbal (Crystallized) and Performance (Fluid) IQ Scoring controversy on verbal scale: What is the thing to do if you find an...
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2009 for the course PSYC 100 taught by Professor Madigan during the Fall '07 term at USC.

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Ch9.Intell - Ch. 9: Types of Intelligence QuickTime and a...

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