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Ch9.Intell - Ch 9 Types of Intelligence QuickTime and a...

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Ch. 9: Types of Intelligence QuickTimeª and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.
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What is intelligence? General Consensus of Experts: Reason abstractly Adapt to novel environmental circumstances Acquire knowledge Benefit from experience
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Theories of Intelligence Unitary views An overall or general intellectual capacity Example: Spearman’s “g” (“general”) factor of intelligence Emphasize similarities in scores on intelligence subtests Multiple intelligences views Independent abilities Example: Howard Gardner’s Seven Intelligences; Robert Sternberg’s Triarchic Theory Emphasizes differences in scores on intelligence subtests
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Hypothetical relationship between g and specific abilities: Test Score Larger “g” Smaller“g” V S Q V S Q V=verbal S=spatial Q=quantitative
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The IQ test Early approach (Binet and Simon) IQ = (mental age / chronological age) *100 Mental age is based on the problems that most people that age can solve ex: an 8 year old at a 10 year old’s ability level: 10/8 *100 = 125 IQ ex: a 10 year old at an 8 year old’s ability level: 8/10*100 = 80 IQ
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Deviation IQ Raw scores are converted to mean of 100, standard deviation of 15: QuickTimeª and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.
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Distribution of IQ in the population Mentally impaired: < 70 (2 SD’s below) Borderline: 70-85 (1-2 SD’s below) Average: 85-115 (within 1 SD of mean) High Average: 115-130 (1-2 SD’s above) Gifted: 130+ (2+SD’s above mean) ~68% 95% 2.5% 2.5%
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WAIS Subtests:Verbal (Crystallized) and  Performance (Fluid) IQ Scoring controversy on verbal scale:
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