Week 4 - Natural Hazards and Society in Latin America...

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Natural Hazards and Society in Latin America Environmental Determinism - the important material forces shaping our lives are to be found in the physical environment. Rich soil, a temperate climate, or too little rainfall might be the forces shaping society, encouraging progressive evolution or arresting it. From a natural science perspective climate and landforms are often mapped as if they are fixed or static features of the environment, however, they in fact they vary from year to year and may change over long periods of time. Natural hazards - extreme events or conditions such as earthquakes, hurricanes, and droughts. From a social science perspective , Nature creates hazards, but it is humans who create vulnerability, through social inequality and unequal access to resources. Social Vulnerability Exposure to climate variability and change Sensitivity or degree to which a system is affected by climate Adaptive capacity - the ability of a livelihood system to adjust and take opportunities to recover from climate shocks Vulnerability related to social resilience Vulnerability differentiated by class, gender, age, etc. Vulnerability partially determined by distribution and access to resources
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Week 4 - Natural Hazards and Society in Latin America...

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