2-lang-noteguide - (Examples How did the particular dialect...

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Note-taking guide for INDV101 Language, Spring 2009 Wed., 1/21 What is the main topic of today's class? What are the two main ideas we're covering in that topic? What are some things you know about your language as a native speaker of it? Make sure you know something to put here about sounds, words, and sentences. What does * before a form mean? To what extent is this conscious knowledge? How is language both arbitrary and systematic? What are some examples (at the levels of sounds, words, and sentences) of how it's arbitrary? What shows us it's systematic? Language vs. dialect: why are these terms and their usage important? What is the general public's definition of these terms, and what is a linguist's definition?
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Unformatted text preview: (Examples) How did the particular dialect of English that is Standard American English get chosen to be the standard? What does the saying 'A language is a dialect with an army and a navy’ mean? What criteria do we use to decide if two varieties are dialects of one language, or separate languages? (Examples) Do all languages have complex aspects to them? (Examples, e.g. what's something that's simple about English but complex in Japanese or vice versa) Terms: grammatical/ungrammatical lexicon native speaker intuition grammar rule-governed dialect language mutual intelligibility cultural cohesion...
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