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13-syntax1 - Note-taking guide for INDV101 Language Spring...

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1 Note-taking guide for INDV101 Language, Spring 2009, Wed., 25/2 What is the difference between the traditional grammar and the linguistic syntax? What is the grammatical category of ‘running’? What does this example tell us? How do you divide each sentence in (1) into two parts? (1) The tiny baby grabbed a huge toy. John ate the pizza up. John looked away. The cute puppies played happily. Playing in the band is fun. The very tired kids slept. What are the natural groupings of words in (2)? (2) The old man ate the cold pizza with anchovies. What kinds of phrases do human languages have? What does PSG stand for? What is PSG and what are the advantages of PSG? What tests can you use to identify a constituent? What is the head of a phrase? What are the functions of phrases such as “the cute, slobbery, little puppy”? What do examples in (3) tell us? (3) Bob, he, car, juice fast car a fast car a very fast car How do you draw the syntactic tree of the phrase “the pizza”? What about “the kids”, “their dog”, and “the park”?
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