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2 Physical Geog Outline

2 Physical Geog Outline - INDV 102 Modern Latin America A...

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INDV 102 Modern Latin America: A Social Science Perspective Vásquez-León 09/03/2008 The Physical Environment of Latin America The two largest-scale physical features: the Andes Mountains and the Amazon basin The Andes Formed by collision of tectonic plates (active volcanoes and earthquakes) • It is an 8000-kilometer (5000-mile) long chain of high-altitude peaks and valleys. Runs parallel to Pacific Ocean and the west coast of South America. One of the longest and highest mountain ranges in the world. •Mount Huascarán, 22,205 ft (6,768 m), in Peru •High plateaus (Altiplano, Lake Titicaca) •Aconcagua, 22,825 feet high (ice-glaciers) •Part of the cordillera descends beneath the sea and forms numerous islands •The source of numerous rivers (The Orinoco and the Amazon) The Altiplano: Human environment Cooler and wetter (altitude zonation), comprises a series of high plains, it originates northwest of Lake Titicaca in southern Peru and extends southeast to southwestern Bolivia.
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