Essay3 - How Is John Rawls' "A Theory of Justice"...

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How Is John Rawls’ “A Theory of Justice” a Moral Argument? Sam Kallmerten April 23, 2008 Philosophy 101, Professor Seemann In 1872, John Rawls introduced a philosophical theory that moves away from the common structures of many other theories of morality. In his exposition of “A Theory of Justice,” Rawls presents a system of achieving equality, fairness, and justice through the use of various philosophical tools. Rawls’ explains that using a “veil of ignorance” and Contractarianism, we can understand a general agreement that would be created which achieves equality in society, and a universal state of fairness. His theory draws similarities to absolutism and Immanuel Kant’s idea of autonomy with the notion of self-interest creating universal principles, but goes against the concept of utilitarianism. A moral argument is an argument for a set of moral standards that decipher between virtues and vices in order to find goodness in our actions. Rawls’ theory is a method for the creation of moral principles, using rational reasoning, that are equal for everyone. Therefore, Rawls’ theory is a moral argument because it’s ultimate purpose is to find the structure of moral code in which there is a universal fairness that all people agree on. His “thought experiment” aims to create a system of moral standards agreed on by everyone and consequently can be considered an argument for morality. Rawls’ theory is a “thought experiment” meaning that it is an idea of thinking how one would create moral standards without the effects society, or individual fortune. We cannot create a moral code without this thought experiment because of the outside forces of our lives that influence our rational thinking. The main structure of Rawls’ theory is the “Original Position”,
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course PHI 101 taught by Professor Seemann during the Spring '08 term at Bentley.

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Essay3 - How Is John Rawls' "A Theory of Justice"...

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