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Unit1_notes - Holly Hickman Questions Art Historians Ask 1...

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Holly Hickman 3/26/2008 Questions Art Historians Ask: 1) Date? 2) Artist? (patron) Who bought it? 3) Style? 4) Subject Matter? 5) Significance? CHAPTER 1 The Earliest Sculpted Forms -describe the roles of animals & human figures in Paleolithic art -examine the nature and reasons for the earliest sculpted forms, the majority of which are stylized depictions of women Paleolithic (“Old Stone”) Period -Lower Paleolithic (c. 1,500,000 years ago) -Middle Paleolithic (c. 100,000/200,000 years ago) -Upper Paleolithic (c. 45,000/50,000 years ago) Mesolithic (“Middle Stone”) Period – c.8000-6000/4000 BC Neolithic (“New Stone”) Period - c.6000/4000-2000 BC
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Carving Examples Ex. 1 - Venus of Willendorf: From Austria, a. 25,000 bce sculpture in the round (free-standing sculpture, subtractive process); organic, exaggerated form; “Venus” red pigment, possible function (perhaps sacrificial blood or childbirth)?; emphasizes fertility Ex. 2 – Venus of Laussel Woman holding a bison horn; in relief – one of earliest relief sculptures; stood in the open air in front of a rock shelter—open-air art from the Old Stone Age; horn may have ceremonial meaning; emphasizes breasts, belly, hips Ex. 3 – Two Bison – in profile, among the largest Paleolithic sculpture – in free standing rock – incised carving; from cave @Le Tuc d’Audoubert in France in clay ***CAVE PAINTING*** Examining Materials and Techniques
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