Unit4_notes - Cyclopean masonry aerial view of the citadel...

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Cyclopean masonry – aerial view of the citadel @ Tiryns, Greece ca.1400-1200 BCE; plan of the palace and southern part of the citadel, Tiryns, Greece, ca.1400-1200 BCE 4.27 & 4.18 3 Methods of Passage way A. Post and lintel; B. corbelled arch (corbelled vault); C. Arch (barrel vault) 4.22 – Lion Gate, Mycenae Greece, ca. 1300-1250 BCE; limestone relief panel approx 9’6’’ high; post/lintel and corbelled arch 4.32 – Treasury of Atreus; Greece, 1300-1250 BCE; tholes (rounded tomb); 43 feet, largest vaulted space w/o interior support; series of stone corbelled course laid on circular base and ending in a dome 4.27 Funerary Mask from grave circle A, Mycenae Greece, ca. 1600-1500 BCE. Beaten gold approx. 1’ high; Nat. Arch. Museum, Athens Chapter 5 – Gods, Heroes, and Athletes: The Art of Ancient Greece Greece never empire, just many different states. -“Man is the Measure of All Things” – Geometric Style (c.1000-700 B.C.E.), Orientalizing Style (700- 600 B.C.E), Archaic Style (600-480 BCE), Late Archaic Style(530-480 BCE), Early Classical Style (480- 450 BCE), Classical Style (450-400 BCE), Late Classical Style (400-323 B.C.E), Hellenistic Style (c.323- 31 B.C.E) 5.1 Pottery and Painting – Greeks first to sign their work Greek vase types – a)hydria, a water jar with handles; b) lekythos, a flask for storing and pouring oil; c) krater, bowl for mixing wine and water; d) amphora, a jar for storing honey, oil, water, or wine; e) kylix, a drinking cup, f) oec Geometric Style – characteristics: geometric patterns; ex. Geometric krater from Dipylon cemetery, Athens, Greece ca.740 BCE; Orientalizing Style – Characteristics: Influences from Egyptian and Near Eastern Art; ex.1 Polyphemos painter, amphora, terra-cotta 4’8’’ 670-650 BCE; Large sculptures and vases used to mark graves b/c Greeks buried their dead. Archaic Period: Black-Figure Vase; orange is clay itself, black slip applied on top of clay; ex.1 – Exekias (artist), Achilles and Ajax playing a dice game (detail from an Attic black figure amphora), from
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Vulci, Italy, ca. 540-530 B.C.E. Whole vessel approx 2’ high; ex. 2 – Exekias, amphora showing Achilles and Penthesilea, c. 525 BCE. Terra Cotta, 16 ½” high; EXEKIAS – most important Greek pottery painter Late Archaic to Classical Period – Red-figure Vase ; ex. 5.11 – Penthesilea Painter, cup interior showing Achilles and Penthesilea, c. 455 BC. Terra-cotta, diameter 17 in.; red-figure more naturalistic and figures are larger -EUPHRONIOS, Heraklels wrestling Antaios – red-figure clay Classical Period Pottery – more refined -- ex.5.12 – Niobid Painter, Artemis and Apollo slaying the children of Niobe (Attic red-fgire calyx krater), from Orvieto, Italy, ca.450 BCE. Approx. 1’9’’ high - White ground lekythos; mostly on lekythoi, placed in Greek graves as funery offerings to
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course ARTH 100 taught by Professor Huang during the Spring '08 term at SCAD.

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Unit4_notes - Cyclopean masonry aerial view of the citadel...

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