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Unformatted text preview: Holly Hickman 3/31/08 *Chapter I I Notes* When talking about a work of art… (in words) (DAI)-describe-analyze-interpret The Art of the Ancient Near East-Mesopotamia – “land between rivers” (Tigris R. & Euphrates R.); today’s I raq; Persia, Anatolia-3 oldest civilizations – Mesopotamia, Egypt, China -Mesopotamia – Christianity, Judaism, and Islam origins-7000 B.C.E.; Agricultural activities; Ancient Palestine; I ran; Anatolia NEOLITHIC ERA c.9000-4500/4000 B.C./MESOPOTAMIA Uruk period c.3500-3100 B.C./Sumer- Jericho – One of the world’s oldest fortified sites (originally built c.8000-7000 B.C.E.); Urban living 2000 people; Stone tower, 28-30 feet high; ex of art: plastered skull; dead were buried underneath the fort- Catal Hoyuk —Turkish Neolithic settlement 6000-5900 B.C.E.; urban living; lack of street; plastered & painted; “shrine” – wall painting, plastic reliefs, animal heads, bovine skulls; Bull’s horns & plastered breasts - male potency & female fertility; ex. Anatolian goddess giving birth, Turkey c.6500-5700 B.C.E. out of baked clay; ex 2. Two leopards in plaster Sumerian Religion, Society, and Art The Neolithic Revolution Ex 1. Warka Vase —Uruk Period (c.3500-3100)—depicts a religious festival dedicated to goddess Inanna - fertility/blessing the land; hierarchy of scale; first great work of nar rative relief sculpture known ; 3 ft and ¼ inch; arranged in horizontal register to tell parts of story Ex 2. Female head from Uruk made of marble; uni-brow; stylized with naturalization; Iraq 3200-3000 B.C.E.; in Baghdad; possibly donated – inscriptions to represent the donor White Temple (earliest example) & Ziggurat- Ziggurat : Assyrian word meaning “raised up” or “high;” Imitation mountains; platforms for gods; transitional space between god and people- the ziggurat is not the temple, it is the platform for the temple; mud-brick construction; White Temple & Ziggurat Uruk (modern Warka), Iraq ca. 3200-3000 B.C.E....
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- Spring '08
- Mesopotamia, Sumer, B.C.E., Neolithic Revolution Ex, enemies ex King