Lecture16 - Oslo and its aftermath 13:42:00 Palestinian...

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Oslo and its aftermath 31/03/2009 13:42:00 Palestinian loss of land from 1946 to 2000 1946 probably 94% of Israel/Palestine is Palestinian land. Early Zionists  thought manual farm labor was good, so they make kibbutzes, bought 6% of  Palestine to do so. 1947 UN partition plan about 45:55 Palestinian to Israeli. Disproportionate for  population.  1949-1967 Palestinians hold about 30% of Palestine. Israel takes much more  than mandated Israel during war.  Palestinians hold about 15% of Palestine First Intifada Israelis pursue colonization of West Bank, Gaza Palestinians displaced, disadvantaged, (water, e.g.) One of world’s last settler colonies End of 1986, 1987-1991, Palestinian uprising o downturn in oil prices, returnees from Gulf. Palestinians benefited from  high oil prices of 1980s, PLO had a lot of resources from Oil Gulf,  many Palestinians (400,000) worked in Oil Gulf too. But price of oil fell  drastically, guest workers in Gulf had to leave, creating U/E problem in  Palestine. **There will probably be a problem within the next year of U/ E workers from Oil price drop.  o Led by Fateh o Had no weapons in WB, so when U/E explosion happened, they used  stone-throwing, children, women (to break the stones) Israelis attempt to divide and rule Sale: from 1987 Israelis gave money, support to Hamas, the Palestinian  branch of the Muslim Brotherhood, more ideological, not nationalist  organization. Way of divide and rule. Right-wing governments were popular at  the time because of the Cold War, so Israel did not favor PLO. Most Palestinians were then secular and supported the PLO, more left- leaning, socialist, nationalist organization. Palestinians were actually  disproportionately (in the Middle East) secular and literate because of UN  programs. Fall of Berlin Wall
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End of Cold War Bipolarity had caught up Israel, Palestine Bush Sr.: New World Order America had hyper-power Bush Sr. as Honest Broker Realists o James Baker (close to US oil majors, Saudi connection) o Brent Scowcroft Republican Party less beholden to Israel Lobby. Republicans under HW Bush  primarily white protestant, doesn’t really need to pay attention to Jewish  community because they vote overwhelmingly democratic.  European pressure on US over tacit support of settlements Immigration of Russians Fall of USSR After 1989, nearly 900,000 Russians emigrate to Israel, widely thought that  only half were in any sense Jewish. But law of return let them in if they  claimed to be Jewish.  Some settled in West Bank
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