Lecture14 - 17/03/2009 13:47:00 Shah abused the clergy,...

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17/03/2009 13:47:00 Shah abused the clergy, didn’t allow many human rights to his citizens. Jimmy Carter pressured the Shah to allow more human rights, but this gave the  middle class, intelligentsia, opposition a renewed sense of purpose because they  thought they had the go ahead from the U.S. They lobbied the Shah for greater political  rights (first half of 1978, stage 1 of revolution political awakening.) Wanted to reform  from within 2 nd  stage of revolution-clergy. Shah secularized, repressed the clergy Clergy wanted to overthrow the shah, not reform from within. Wanted to put in  Khomeini and create Islamic state.  1978 group of seminary students protested the Shah, the day after he  declared martial law to combat the movement. The military open-fired on the  protesters, Black Friday. Galvanized the Islamists under the clergy, as well as 
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Lecture14 - 17/03/2009 13:47:00 Shah abused the clergy,...

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