Lecture13 - 12/03/2009 13:44:00 Syria in 1970 Hafiz al-Asad...

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12/03/2009 13:44:00 Syria in 1970 Hafiz  al-Asad comes to power in an Alawite coup but he needs Sunni  Egyptian support. Palestinian youth inspired by the Cuban revolution went to Jordan and  attacked Israel. Israel bombed them. The King of Jordan tried to reign in the  Palestinians, so they tried to kill him, but failed. The Jordanian king killed  many Palestinians in retaliation. Alawites are esoteric Shiites.  Sadat in Egypt Nasser’s army was defeated in 1967 war, big humiliation. Nasser was a left- leaning near socialist leader.  Succeeds Nasser on his death in 1970. He is a rightist who foiled a leftist plot  to assassinate him in 1972. Break with Soviets Sadat worried about how powerful the Soviets had become in Egypt. They  were partly responsible for humiliating Egypt in 1967 because they said they  couldn’t fire the first shot.  Sadat chafes at alliance with Soviets, expels them when the demand veto  over Egyptian wars. Golda Meir is not very attractive… PM 1969-74 Maintained Labor coalition Accepted Nixon’s pressure to end War of Attrition on Egypt, 1970.  Anwar el-Sadat’s Success Coordinated oil boycott with conservative states, OPEC at Vienna, during war  with Israel Coordinated with Syria Reforged alliance with USSR War begins, Egypt, Syria, Iraq, Jordan v. Israel Syrian Front
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Syria advanced at Golan Heights, Israel wanted the Golan so they provoked  Syria. Later, Israel said they needed it for security Israelis turned tide, pushed Syrians back, advance into Bashan plain beyond 
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2009 for the course HIST 443 taught by Professor Cole during the Winter '08 term at University of Michigan.

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Lecture13 - 12/03/2009 13:44:00 Syria in 1970 Hafiz al-Asad...

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