Lec 10 - • Gender quota requirements--voluntary vs....

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Women’s Representation 2/12/09
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Women’s Representation IPU data on % women in parliaments around the word: http://www.ipu.org/wmn-e/classif.htm
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Women’s Representation The “So what?” question. Does it matter if there are more women in legislatures (executive office)?
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Women’s Representation The “Then what?” question Can electoral systems (or other institutions) be “engineered” so as to affect the level of women’s representation?
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Hypotheses: What Might Matter and Why? Level of democracy Dominant religions/culture Female socioeconomic development Size of the welfare state Historical experience of women in public office
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Hypotheses: What Might Matter and Why? Level of democracy Dominant religions Female socioeconomic development Size of the welfare state Historical experience of women in public office Leftist, post-materialist party strength Pres. v. Parl. Party fragmentation Electoral system (SMDP, list PR (open v. closed), etc,)
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Unformatted text preview: • Gender quota requirements--voluntary vs. statutory Why the boom in quotas in recent years? What affects the efficacy of quotas? A few issues regarding electoral system factors • Types of PR – Closed list: voters cast vote for list and can’t determine order – Open list: voters can affect list order. • How does type of list affect women representation? – Depends on relative “women friendliness” of party leaders v. voters. – Could this be tested? How? Asian Exceptionalism? • Indira Gandhi (India) • Sonia Gandhi (India) • Megawati Sukarno Putri (Indonesia) • Corazon Aquino (Philippines) • Gloria Macapagal Arroyo (Philippines) • Aung San Suu Kyi (Burma) • Benazir Bhutto (Pakistan) • Hasina Rahman (Bangladesh) • Khalida Zia (Bangledash) • Wan Azizah Wan Ismail (Malaysia) • Sirimavo Bandaranaike (Sri Lanka) • Chandrika Kumaratunga (Sri Lanka)...
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2009 for the course POLISCI 389 taught by Professor Allenhicken during the Winter '09 term at University of Michigan.

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Lec 10 - • Gender quota requirements--voluntary vs....

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