1.greek.krauss.cajk.drac

1.greek.krauss.cajk.drac - Literature in Translation 248:...

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Unformatted text preview: Literature in Translation 248: Vampire in Literature and Film More Folklore On our way to Draculas Castle South Slavic Countermeasures  This essay by folklorist Friedrich Krauss investigates the numerous methods from South Slavic cultures that may be used as protective measures to defend oneself from vampires. His definition of vampire is a dead person who comes to life during the night-time (p67). As a folklorist, Krauss tries to impose a sort of scientific investigation upon magical narratives.  Krauss emphasizes the importance of killing the corpse again; in this way, the spirit is freed and can no longer cause harm. If the body is demobilized (through staking, etc), the spirit will not be able to find its way back to the corpse. In light of this, connections have been made between a vampires spirit and a moth or a snake; if one is seen escaping the body, the vampire may continue to live. The moth ties to the immateriality of the spirit and the snake ties to images of the underworld.  These ideas point to the belief of the supremacy of the spirit over the body. In many cases, the body is mutilated or burned in order to save the spirit. This double-killing is an important symbolic act when dealing with vampires in South Slavic cultures, as it purifies the soul from any possible demonic connection. South Slavic Countermeasures  Another of Krausss contributions is the connection between the vampire and blood feuding. Blood is a metaphor for familial bonds; the spilling of blood in a feud demands a sacrifice of blood as payment. Many peasants believe that the spirit of a murdered relative cannot rest until the death is avenged. If this does not occur, there is a risk of the victim becoming a vampire.  Though they can occur throughout the Southern Slavic countries, blood feuds are most common in Montenegro and Albania. In southern Italy, they are known as vendetta.  Ko se ne osveti, taj se ne posveti (the one who does not take revenge, will never become hallowed). This Serbian phrase represents the traditional views towards family blood ties that lead to blood feuding. If a murdered family member is not avenged, the spirit is somehow unholy and may become a vampire. This phrase links traditional blood feuding with the vampire. The Killing of a Vampire  Veselin ajkanovi s essay draws heavily from folklore collections of Vuk Karadi , a modern Serbian linguist and father of the Serbian language (he reformed the language and standardized the Cyrillic alphabet).reformed the language and standardized the Cyrillic alphabet)....
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1.greek.krauss.cajk.drac - Literature in Translation 248:...

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