arch anthro 3 - Butchery for meat of large animals...

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arch anthro 3 17:00 Olduvai Gorge Early stone tools o Conchoidal fracture o Cores (e.g. choppers) and flakes o The Oldowan and its impact History of research: Louis and Mary Leakey Stratigraphy, dating and paleoenvironments Key archaeological sites o FLK o FLKN6 o DK Mary Leakey and the Oldowan Tools (<30%) and debitage (70-90%) Cores as tools for M. Leakey o Mostly (~50%) choppers (side, end, two-edged, pointed, chisel-edged) o Other shapes: discoids, polyhedrons, heavy-duty scrapers, spherioids Flakes (and cores) as tools for early Homo Likely impact of the Oldowan And australopithecine diet o Mostly plant-based, plus small animals The advantages of stone tools o Added efficiency with existing food resources o New foraging opportunities Making other equipment: e.g. sharp branches
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Unformatted text preview: Butchery for meat of large animals Archaeological visibility? o Stones and bones Terminology Ol Tupai Oldoway Olduvai o Wild sisal plant (Maasai) o Beds are numbered, with Bed 1 at base o Tuffs are numbered by bed, then alphabetically; e.g., Tuff 1A (at the bottom) Tuff 1F (at the top) o Sites are labeled alphabetically and by level Korongo= gully in Kiswahili FLK = Frida Leakey Korongo Zinjanthropus boisei East African man Charles Boise Z. boisei A. or Paranthropus boisei Olduvai startigraphy and dating 1.0 mya o Bed IV o Bed III (rivers and streams) 1.2 mya o Bed At least 48 dead animals Minimum number of individuals (MNI) 17:00 17:00...
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arch anthro 3 - Butchery for meat of large animals...

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