arch anthro8 - arch anthro 8 Origins of agriculture The...

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arch anthro 8 20:39 Origins of agriculture The process of domestication Benefits and costs Classes of archaeological evidence Why change? o Alternative theories Key evidence from the Near East o The fertile crescent o 12-10000 natufians o 10-8000 transition to Neolithic villages Domestication Not an event A process causing genetic and morphological change Incipient cultivation and control of wild fauna vs. farming of fully domesticated  species The ability to change the enviroment, to manipulate plants and animals. Benefits and costs Food surplus Stratified society Reliable food Reliable care Arts… But this comes at a significant cost Classes of evidence Bones and plants remains of the domesticates  o Morphology and age structure
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o Geographic range Necessary equipment Permanent villages o Mud brick and stone houses, storage structures
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  • Fall '08
  • Bunn,HenryT.;Hutchinson,Sharont.;Strier,KarenT.
  • Maize, Jericho, Neolithic villages Domestication, rachis Alternative Neolithic, fully domesticated  species

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arch anthro8 - arch anthro 8 Origins of agriculture The...

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