21 - nutrient deficiencies arrest growth and development o...

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Nutri Sci 11/21 15:53 Role in foods Flavorants Aromas, fragrances Essential oils More flavorful fruits and vegetables are better for you  Increasing phytonutrients in your diet HS average o 1.5 ½ c. servings of vegetables o <1 serving of fruit eat more o fruit o veggies o whole grains o legumes o culinary herbs o spices
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pregnancy 11/21 15:53 pregnancy prenatal growth and development o stages gestation is 40 weeks spilt into trimesters o fetal growth hyperplasia=increase number of cells hypertrophy= increase in cell size o first trimester critical for development organ formation – 3 weeks heart beat=- 15 weeks teratogens  cause birth defects vitamin A (retinol) supplements (3 times the RDA) alcohol fetal alcohol syndrom (FAS) worst affects come from binges early in pregnancy encourage zero alcohol intake during pregnancy dose response relationship (more you drink the greater the risk)
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Unformatted text preview: nutrient deficiencies arrest growth and development o second trimester continued growth and development fetus~1ounce at beginning o third trimester 2-3 lbs at beginning pregnancy 11/21 15:53 7-8 lbs at full term o successful pregnancy gestation > 37 weeks birth weight > 5.5 lbs good quality of life nutrient needs energyL 2 nd and 3 rd trimesters extra ~ 300 kcal/day recommended weight gain: o 1 st 2-4 lbs o 2 nd and 3 rd 3/4-1 lb/wk o totals: if normal weight at beginning of pregnancy 25-35 lbs underweight 28-40 lbs important to gain weight even if overweight during times of pregnancy o breakdown of weight baby=8 lbs placenta= 1 lb amniotic fluid= 2lbs breast= 3 lbs blood= 4 lbs (reason why need so much iron) fat= 2-8 lbs. 15:53...
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2009 for the course BIO 10167 taught by Professor Anderson,peterj. during the Fall '08 term at Wisconsin.

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21 - nutrient deficiencies arrest growth and development o...

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