Dworkin Article - James B. Dworkin, Salary Arbitration in...

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James B. Dworkin, “Salary Arbitration in Baseball: An Impartial Assessment After Ten Years,” Arbitration Journal 41 (March 1986):63-69. (NR) Introduction The article reviews the history, highlights, and controversies surrounding baseball’s final- offer salary arbitration procedure. It is demonstrated that even those players who lose cases receive large salary increases. It has worked well enough to meet the needs of both parties. Thus, no major changes in this procedure are foreseen. The scorecard after ten years reads 104 victories for the clubs and 86 victories for the players. It hardly seems possible, but the 13 salary arbitration decisions handed down in early 1985 brought the total number of cases decided by arbitrators to 190. Over a ten year period, that averages out to 19 cases per year. Prior to 1974, player salary determinations were essentially made by the management of each club. Of course, players had some input into this decision-making process. They could make demands, threaten to hold out, play in another country, or retire to pursue other occupations. But the key point to remember is that they wanted to play Major League Baseball, they were essentially bound to deal with one and only one team. In terms of bargaining power the players were at a disadvantage Growing player resentment over a lack of bargaining power led to several proposals to explore the use of salary arbitration. Players should have the right to demand salary arbitration. Goes on to discuss final-offer arbitration Is Final-Offer Arbitration working? Arbitrators have very limited flexibility in rendering their awards under this system and thus
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Dworkin Article - James B. Dworkin, Salary Arbitration in...

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