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Fred Bellemore article

Fred Bellemore article - Fred A Bellemore Racial and Ethnic...

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Fred A. Bellemore, “Racial and Ethnic Employment Discrimination: Promotion in Major League Baseball,” Journal of Sports Economics 2 (November 2001): 356-368. (NR) Introduction Employment discrimination is studied by examining the performance of baseball players at the highest minor league level in the 1960s, 1970s, and 1990s. Both Black and Hispanics face discrimination in promotion to the major leagues. Blacks faced it in the 1960s and 1970s and still did in the 1990s, but it subsided in years when jobs were created through expansion in the number of teams. Hispanics faced discrimination in the 1960s and 1970s that abated in years of expansion, but there is no significant evidence that they did in the 1990s. This analysis uses the performance of minor league baseball players to determine if discrimination occurs in promotion to the major leagues. Unlike many other studies of employment discrimination, in this analysis wage discrimination is essentially untangled from any employment discrimination Wages for promoted players are essentially exogenous, and if teams discriminate they do by affecting the racial/ethnic composition of the players on their teams rather than the wages of these players. The article examines whether Black and Hispanic players face discrimination in promotion form the highest minor league level to the majors, whether the discrimination has persisted
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