HIST UNIT 4 and 5 - Chapter 10 Questions 1-7 1. Explain...

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Chapter 10 Questions 1-7 1. Explain factors that contributed to the rise of democracy in the 1820s and 1830s. Democracy can be defined as a term used to describe how American institutions were supposed to work, such as direct rule by the people; “The voice of the people was the voice of God”. Factors contributing to the rise of democracy are things such as, a sense of popular sovereignty, and a social leveling that needed to occur. Equality was the governing principle. Equality of opportunity, not of reward Decline of distinctive modes of dress for upper and lower classes Rise of industrialization Licensing requirements abolished for physicians Lower standards for qualifications to practice law The press came into play as well, the newspaper with the largest circulation were the most influential opinion makers All this led to an equalization of opportunity for all white men, however at the same time the gap between rich and poor Americans – was increasing during this period. 2. Describe how the diffusion of political power among the masses encouraged reform initiative and inspired new literary, artistic, and professional trends. It was assumed in a democratic society that it was the responsibility of the artist to contribute to the general welfare by encouraging virtue and proper sentiments.
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Literature and art found new expression in the rise of the democratic spirit. “Paint pictures that will take with the public – never paint for the few but the many”. Some catered to popular taste in defiance of tradition. The spirit of the age was captured by portraying ordinary Americans. Some even hoped to improve popular taste and instill deeper moral and spiritual values. 3. Evaluate the main political and economic issues brought forth in the 1824 and 1828 elections and explain the outcomes of those presidential elections. The last remaining barrier to voting participation by all white males had been removed by the 1820s. Another issue accompanying this rise in electorate was the rise in proportion of public officials who were elected, by the people, rather than appointed. Therefore a new style of politicking developed, the politicians had to get out and campaign. A major breakthrough in American political thought was the idea of a “loyal opposition”. The two party system was fostered by the method of nominating and electing a president. By 1828 electors were chosen by popular vote. The two parties evolved into the Democrats and the Whigs. The new political institutions and practices encouraged an upsurge of interest and participation, in the election of 1824 adult white males was less than 27 percent. In 1828 it rose to 55 percent, it held till the election of 1840 when it shot up to 78 percent. Some of the economic issues faced were the depression following the panic of
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2009 for the course GOV 38459 taught by Professor Bow during the Spring '09 term at University of Texas.

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HIST UNIT 4 and 5 - Chapter 10 Questions 1-7 1. Explain...

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