Anatomy 208 Objectives #2

Anatomy 208 Objectives #2 - ObjectivesforTest#2 BONES

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Objectives for Test #2 BONES 1) Describe the difference between the terms articulated and disarticulated skeleton. Articulated: Bones are connected Disarticulated: Bones are disconnected. 2) List the different types of bones found in the human skeleton and give examples of each. Types of Bones: Long Bones. ex: Femur Short Bones. ex: Carpal Bones Flat Bones. ex: Frontal Bone in Skull Irregular Bones. ex: Vertebrae Sesamoid Bones. ex: Patella Sutural Bones. ex: In Cranium 3) In a typical long bone, identify the proximal and distal epiphysis, diaphysis, metaphysis, compact (dense) bone, spongy bone, medullary cavity, red and yellow bone marrow, periosteum, endosteum and the articular cartilage. Diaphysis: Middle (shaft) of bone Metaphysis: Located between the Epiphysis and the Diaphysis. Compact (dense) bone: Superficial bone material on outside on bone. Spongy Bone: Bone located inside the proximal and distal epiphysis of the bone. Medullary cavity: Cavity(space) where the marrow is located. Periosteum: Contains an outer fibrous and inner cellular layer. "Outside" Endosteum: Incomplete cellular layer. "Inside" Articular Cartilage: hyaline cartilage that connects bone to bone.
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4) List all the different anatomical features of bones (i.e. protusions, depressions or holes), provide a definition and an example for each identified skeletal feature. Process: Projection or Overgrowth of tissue Ramus: Projecting part of bone Processes Formed where tendons or ligaments attach. Trochanter: Large process near head of femur Tuberosity: Large, roughened elevation on bony surface. Tubercle: extension of sarcolemma that extend deep into sarcoplasm. Spine: Region on clavical which is raised. Processes formed for articulation with adjacent Bones Head: Part of Femur that gets inserted into illium. Neck: Region underneath the head. Condyle:Rounded articular projection on surface of bone. Trochlea: "pully", spool-shaped medial portion of condyle of the humerus. Facet: Round inverted region. Depressions Fossa: shallow depression or furrow on surface of bone. Sulcus: Groove or furrow Openings foramen: opening or passage through a bone. Canal: a passage or opening. Fissure: Elongated groove or opening. Sinus/antrum: A chamber or hallow region in a tissue. 5) List all the bones comprising the axial skeleton and the bones of the appendicular skeleton. Axial Skeleton Skull - Cranium, facial, auditory bones, hyoid Thoracic Cage - Sternum, ribs Vertebral Column - Vertebrae, Sacrum, coccyx Appendicular Skeleton Pectoral Girdle - Clavicle, Scapula
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Upper Limbs - Humerus, Radius, Ulna, Carpal Bones, Metacarpal bones, Phalanges Pelvic Girdle - Hip Bone (os coxae = ilium, ishium, pubis) Lower Limbs - femur, patella, tibia, fibula, tarsal bones, metatarsal bones, phalanges. 6) Name all the bones in the skull and associated processes. Also, differentiate
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2009 for the course PSY 364 taught by Professor Nichols-whitehead during the Winter '08 term at Grand Valley State University.

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Anatomy 208 Objectives #2 - ObjectivesforTest#2 BONES

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