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BMS 208 Unit 1 Objectives

BMS 208 Unit 1 Objectives - Unit1Objectives...

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Unit 1 Objectives 1) Provide a definition for the terms "anatomy" and "physiology". Anatomy refers to the scientific structure of an object. Also means to cut apart or dissect. Physiology refers to the scientific study of the function of an object. Also means the study of nature. 2) Describe how knowledge of anatomy was important for early man. The knowledge of anatomy was important for early man because it helped them to survive by knowing which vital organs to pierce while killing prey. 3) Describe some of the major contributions to the science of anatomy that the early Egyptians, Greek philosophers, Romans, Renaissance and contemporary scientists provided. Major contributions to anatomy of the Egyptians, Greeks, Roman, Renaissance and contemporary scientists include; mummification, discovering that diseases cause death (not displeased gods) and the way the heart worked. They also started using cadavers and discovered that the brain is the "powerhouse" of intelligence. Very accurate and detailed sketches of the human body where made. Flow of blood through the heart was accurately described. In 1830, the cell theory was proposed by scientists Schleiden and Schwann. 4) Describe the "anatomical" position. The anatomical position is standing tall facing forward, feet together facing forward,palms facing forward and thumbs facing outwards away from the sides. 5) Identify and name all the body regions using both common and scientific terms. Anterior View Skull = Cranial region Face = Facial Region Forehead= Frontal Region Eye= Ocular/Orbital Region Cheek = Buccal Region Ear = Otic Region Nose = Nasal Region Mouth = Oral Region Chin = Mental Region Neck = Cervical Region Armpit = Axillary Region Arm = Brachial region
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Front of Elbow = Antecubital Region Forearm = Antebrachial Region Wrist = Carpal Region Palm = Palmar Region Thumb= Pollex Fingers = Phalangeal Region Chest = Thoracic Region Breast = Mammary Region Abdomen = Abdominal Region Navel = Umbilical Region Pelvis = Pelvic Region Groin = Inguinal Region Anterior Pelvis (pubis) = Pubic Region Thigh = Femoral Region Foot = Pedal Region Kneecap = Patellar region Leg = Crural region Ankle = Tarsal Region Toes = Phalangeal region Big Toe = Hallux Posterior View Head = Cephalic Region Neck = Cervical region Shoulder = Acromial region Back = Dorsal region Back of Elbow = Olecranon region Loin = Lumbar Region Hand = Manual region Buttock = Gluteal region Back of knee = Popliteal Calf = Sural region Heel = Calcaneal region Sole of foot = Plantar 6) Provide an example of the correct use of directional terms (anterior/posterior; superior/inferior; medial/lateral; proximal/distal; superficial/deep) when refering to regions or parts of the body. medial = at or closer to the mid section of the body Lateral = Further away from the mid section of the body. Anterior = Towards the front Posterior = Towards the Back Superior = Close to the head
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Inferior = Close to the feet Proximal = Closer to the beginning of the limb (shoulder) Distal = Further from the beginning of the limb (fingers) Superficial = close to the surface (top) of the body.
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