Chem 231 ch.3 Alkanes&Cycloalkanes

Chem 231 ch.3 Alkanes&Cycloalkanes - Alkanes and...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Alkanes and Cycloalkanes 3.1 Structure of Alkanes A. Definitions 1. Hydrocarbon-A compound that contains only and H and C atoms 2. Saturated Hydrocarbon- A hydrocarbon containing single bonds between C atoms (it is saturated with H atoms) 3. Alkane- A saturated hydrocarbon(can be composed of continuous linear chains or branched chains) 4. Aliphatic Hydrocarbon- A saturated hydrocarbon found in fats B. General Formula C_nH_2n+2 C. Table 3.1 pg 46. 3.2 Structural Isomers A. Compounds that have the same molecular formula, but different structural formulas. B. Examples 1. Butane and 2-methylpropane 2. Ethyl alcohol and dimethyl ether C. Different physical and chemical properties 2.3 Naming Alkanes A. IUPAC System 1. Steps 1-4 on (pgs 47-53) 2. Unbranched chains 3. Branches chains a. Parent chain b. Substituents c. Alkyl groups (R-)
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
d. Alphabetizing B. Common Names 1. n- 2. iso- 3. neo- C. Classification of C and H Atoms 1. Primary: a C bonded to 1 other C atom 2. Secondary: a C bonded to 2 other C atoms
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/08/2009 for the course CHM 231 taught by Professor Barrows during the Spring '08 term at Grand Valley State University.

Page1 / 4

Chem 231 ch.3 Alkanes&Cycloalkanes - Alkanes and...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online