mgf1107notes11

# mgf1107notes11 - 4) Jefferson’s Method favors large...

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1) The QUOTA CONDITION states that every state’snumber of seats will be either the state’s lower quota or upper quota. 2) The ALABAMA PARADOX occurs when a state’s number of seats decreases when a new apportionment takes place when the new apportionment has more seats to distribute. 3) The POPULATION PARADOX is when state A’s apportionment goes down and state B’s goes up in a new apportionment than state B even though state A’s population growth was higher than that of B’s. KEY FACTS ABOUT THE APPORTIONMENT METHODS 1) Hamilton’s Method satisfies the quota condition but is susceptible to The Alabama Paradox and Population Paradox. 2) The Divisor Methods avoid the Alabama and Population Paradoxes BUT can violate the Quota Condition. 3) Balinski and Young in 1980 proved that there is no apportionment that avoids all paradoxes and always satisfies the Quota Condition.

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Unformatted text preview: 4) Jefferson’s Method favors large states. 5) Adams Method favors small states. 6) The Huntington-Hill Methods also favors large states but to a much smaller extent than Jefferson’s does. 7) Webster’s favors neither large nor small states. 8) The two most fair methods are thought to be Huntington-Hill’s and Webster’s. 9) If Representative Shares are used to determine fairness, than Webster’s is considered more fair than HH. 10) If District Populations are used to determine fairness, than HH is considered more fair than Webster’s. 11) If bias is used to determine fairness, than Webster’s is the most fair method, and the 2 nd is HH. In other words, Webster’s is the least biased apportionment method we have studied, followed by HH. 12) The Huntington-Hill Method is currently in use today to apportion the House of Representatives and the Senate....
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## This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course MGF 1107 taught by Professor Storfer during the Spring '08 term at FIU.

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mgf1107notes11 - 4) Jefferson’s Method favors large...

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