Ethnicity: Identity with or membership in a particular racial, national, or cultural
group and observance of that group's customs, beliefs, and language.
National Identity/ Ethnic Identity: Not the same, nations can be comprised of
multiple ethnicities. They are not contingent upon one another.
Indigenous Transnational Social Movement: The social movement of reclaiming
indigenous identity comprised of people across national boundaries.
Interethnic Work: Work between people of multiple ethnic identities.
Quincentenary: The 500 year anniversary of 1492 when Columbus set foot on the
"Race is a historical construct": Over history race has not always been thought of
in the same way as it is now. For example, Hispanics used to be considered white,
whereas now they are not.
Latino (Hispanic/ Chicano) Identity: Latino identity highlights the common Latin
based language of Spanish that is spoken in Latin America. Hispanic identity
highlights the Spanish or European ancestry. Chicano identity highlights the
American citizenship but Latin American ancestry.
Language as Ethnic Marker: Spanish for example is thought to be spoken by Latin
Americans and Spaniards only therefore people believe that if you speak Spanish
you must be from Latin America or Spain.
Transnational Communities: an imagined community where, even though very
few citizens had come into direct contact with each other, there was a sense of
connection and shared ideals through forums such as newspapers, elected
representatives, music, literature, and the internet. Transnational communities
share and understanding of connection between far-flug people. Transnational
communities often include members who belong to multiple national, local, and
Cultural Geographies: the ways in which places (cities, nieghborhoods, public
spaces in cities) and events occuring at different geographic scales (local,
regional, national, and transnational) play a crucial role in the mobilization of
Latin American social movements.
Cultural Identities: is the (feeling of) identity of a group or culture, or of an
individual as far as he or she is influenced by her belonging to a group or culture.
Does not fit within regional or national boundaries
Economic Transnational Communities (NAFTA, MERCOSUR): North American
Free Trade Agreement (1994 between Canada, US, Mexico) and the Mercado
Comun del Sur/ Southern Common Market (1991 between Brazil, Argentina,
Paraguay, & Uruguay). These transnational economic communities allow for the
opening up of trade markets. They undermine local economies, lead to job losses
and financial difficulties faced by small scale business owners
Mobility/ Migration: The US/ Mexico border allows for extensive mobility for
products but almost completely forbids the mobility of people making migration