Feb18notes - Portia Mellott Psychology Notes I What is...

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Portia Mellott Psychology Notes February 18, 2009 I. What is Personality a. Definition of Personality i. A pattern of relative permanent traits, dispositions b. Personality in a Culture Context i. Individualist versus Collectivist cultures ii. Within-culture differences 1. Affect behavior, but do they affect personality? 2. Maybe a. Depends on how personality is defined 3. No a. Evolutionary psychologists i. Already born with what you are supposed to be. II. The Psychodynamic Approach to Personality a. Focuses on unconscious process b. The Psychoanalytic Theory of Sigmund Freud i. Early childhood experiences and fantasies 1. Seduction theory 2. Oedipus Complex 3. Psychoanalysis ii. Levels of Mental Life 1. Conscious a. What’s going on right now. 2. Preconscious a. What’s on the tip of your tongue, you almost have the information but not quite. 3. Unconscious a. Freudian slip- “where are you going on vacation?”, “virginity islands… I mean Virgin islands”.
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