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Unformatted text preview: evidence supports the assertion) 1. Leibnizian philosophy, or any metaphysical philosophy that seeks to deny evil, is absurd and irrelevant given human suffering. 2. Philosophical optimism (the idea that the world is already the best of all possible worlds) equals fatalism (the absence of free will). 3. Philosophical optimism denies the human reality of irredeemable pain, injustice, and cruelty. 4. The only antidote to despair is purposeful human labor to satisfy human needs....
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