chapter 1 - Chapter 1 97% of the 1.3 million inmates in...

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Chapter 1 97% of the 1.3 million inmates in prison right now will eventually be released and return to communities. Many will leave without supervision or services Introduction Dangerous and repeat offenders are now a serious concern for society. There are 3 main lies that are perpetuated. o All offenders are dangerous and that all of them need to be incarcerated o Advocacy for treatment means that a person is soft on crime and weak on responsibility o All offenders are the same Some offenders are in "need" more than others, and if we can learn how to match up programs to meet these "needs" then crime will be significantly reduced, however there are five sub themes that are woven into the premise. o If offenders are to receive treatment, they should be treated within the community whenever feasible o Not all offenders can be fixed o Assessment is the key to distinguishing the difference between those who can be fixed and those who cannot o Even forced treatment has been shown to work if given adequate time and if the correct program is matched with the correct offender o The community must be involved in the supervision process The notion of special needs offenders Any reintegration program relies on the notion that we must be able to reliably and validly classify and determine the needs of offenders Different types of offenders have different types of needs o A need is something that is absolutely necessary not something that is a mere desire or preference o If individuals do not have this need met then they will experience some form of serious social, psychological, physical, or emotional impairment within their daily functioning Special needs offender o Offenders have some notable physical, mental, and or emotional challenge o These challenges prevent either a subjective or an objective need from being fulfilled for that individual o The lack of this subjective or objective need impairs their day-to-day ability to function within the confines of the criminal law o These offenders tend to be statistically unique from the remainder of the offender population, and they also tend to be prone to recidivism Subjective needs o Those felt by the offender and are those needs that the offender perceives to be important Objective needs
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o Determined by society and the correctional agency and have to do with socially selected and acceptable levels of health and social functioning to ensure that legal conduct is maintained Societal needs o More concerned with those needs that most directly influence the likelihood of the offender's recidivism, and as a result the agency must address these needs first All other offender needs are noncriminogenic and thus of secondary concern, thus the objective is to address special needs among offenders o Societal needs must be squarely addressed o Objective needs must be met o Subjective needs are met simply to motivate the offender Recidivism and community supervision With less serious non-violent offenders the situation is becoming increasingly
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course CJUS 251 taught by Professor Keene during the Spring '08 term at Lansing.

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chapter 1 - Chapter 1 97% of the 1.3 million inmates in...

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