Chapter 3 - Chapter 3 Introduction American culture has...

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Chapter 3 Introduction American culture has given into drugs, weather legal or illegal. In 1999 it was reported at least 50% of adult male arrestees tested positive for at least one drug. It was as much as 64% for males and 67% of females. It appears that marijuana was the drug of choice among most males with cocaine being the next highest. The most common for females was cocaine, marijuana, and methamphetamines. For children under 12 experimentations with drugs is found in children that are neglected, abused, isolated, or have undiagnosed behavioral or learning disorders. Drug of choice o Simply a drug that is consistently used with greater frequency than other types of drugs by a certain identifiable demographic group. Regardless of public concern over hard drugs, it is the use of alcohol that is the most problematic for society. Each year it is estimated that more than 16,000 Americans die from an overdose or the misuse of illegal drugs and at least 500,000 drug-related emergencies occur in emergency rooms throughout the United States. Three basic patterns of drug usage: o Experimenters Novel users Because of peer pressure Teen and young adults o Floaters Vacillate between the need to seek pleasure and the need to relieve serious psychological problems Parties of known drug users o Compulsive users Truly addicted users of a drug or drugs No such thing as having fun or enjoyment without drug use Many come from dysfunctional families Drug courts o Form of punitive sanctions o May be effective with experimenters and floaters but not compulsive users o Compulsive users may need residential treatment services Screening and placement criteria Screening serves two major purposes o Attests to the presence of a condition that may go unrecognized if not detected o Provides data to decide whether a client is appropriate for a specific treatment program and vice versa
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In the first use of screening, social, health, and criminal justice workers determine if there are sufficient grounds for referral of a client to a particular drug/alcohol treatment program. Initial placement for drug offenders is important for both public safety and treatment oriented concerns. Many clients drop out of treatment because the program is poorly defined in terms of content, goals, approach, and even duration There are specific questions that must be asked before placing a client into treatment o Which treatment produces the best outcome for a specific group or person o Do members of certain ethnic or socioeconomic groups respond similarly to certain types of treatment o Is the effectiveness of a specific program linked to the age of participants o Do females and males differ in their response to treatment All of these questions can improve the odds of a positive outcome.
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course CJUS 251 taught by Professor Keene during the Spring '08 term at Lansing.

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Chapter 3 - Chapter 3 Introduction American culture has...

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