{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Chapter 3 - Chapter 3 Introduction American culture has...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 3 Introduction American culture has given into drugs, weather legal or illegal. In 1999 it was reported at least 50% of adult male arrestees tested positive for at least one drug. It was as much as 64% for males and 67% of females. It appears that marijuana was the drug of choice among most males with cocaine being the next highest. The most common for females was cocaine, marijuana, and methamphetamines. For children under 12 experimentations with drugs is found in children that are neglected, abused, isolated, or have undiagnosed behavioral or learning disorders. Drug of choice o Simply a drug that is consistently used with greater frequency than other types of drugs by a certain identifiable demographic group. Regardless of public concern over hard drugs, it is the use of alcohol that is the most problematic for society. Each year it is estimated that more than 16,000 Americans die from an overdose or the misuse of illegal drugs and at least 500,000 drug-related emergencies occur in emergency rooms throughout the United States. Three basic patterns of drug usage: o Experimenters Novel users Because of peer pressure Teen and young adults o Floaters Vacillate between the need to seek pleasure and the need to relieve serious psychological problems Parties of known drug users o Compulsive users Truly addicted users of a drug or drugs No such thing as having fun or enjoyment without drug use Many come from dysfunctional families Drug courts o Form of punitive sanctions o May be effective with experimenters and floaters but not compulsive users o Compulsive users may need residential treatment services Screening and placement criteria Screening serves two major purposes o Attests to the presence of a condition that may go unrecognized if not detected o Provides data to decide whether a client is appropriate for a specific treatment program and vice versa
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
In the first use of screening, social, health, and criminal justice workers determine if there are sufficient grounds for referral of a client to a particular drug/alcohol treatment program. Initial placement for drug offenders is important for both public safety and treatment oriented concerns. Many clients drop out of treatment because the program is poorly defined in terms of content, goals, approach, and even duration There are specific questions that must be asked before placing a client into treatment o Which treatment produces the best outcome for a specific group or person o Do members of certain ethnic or socioeconomic groups respond similarly to certain types of treatment o Is the effectiveness of a specific program linked to the age of participants o Do females and males differ in their response to treatment All of these questions can improve the odds of a positive outcome.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern