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comprehensive review for FIRST EXAM

comprehensive review for FIRST EXAM - King of Jazz = Paul...

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King of Jazz = Paul Whiteman Father of Jazz King of Swing = Benny Goodman Father of the Blues Father of Country Music Empress of the Blues Mother of the Blues What is the name given to popular music marketed to African Americans in the early 20 th century? Jim Crow sides race records vaudeville records Okeh records Which of the following is not a characteristic of blues? call and response terraced riffs floating verses riffs What are the blue notes of a blues scale? 1, 3, 5 2, 4, 5 3, 5, 7 1, 4, 6 Sun House, Willie Brown, and Bukka White were all part of which blues movement? urban blues delta blues country western blues the High School What were the recordings that launched the careers of Jimmie Rodgers and the Carter Family called? The Bristol Sessions The Nashville Sessions Tennessee Country Meeting The Bristol Palin Sessions Fiddle: c. 900s: North Africa, Middle East. Byzantine Empire. Modern Violin: c. 1500s, Italy. 1690: slaves valued for playing European tunes on violin. No documentation of the music played, but probably infused it with African cultural sensibilities. 1770s: reports of violin and banjo played at same venue by slaves; possible birth of the string band. 1840s: white minstrel performers bring the fiddle + banjo combo to popular stage
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Folk string band traditions develop in parallel, with exchange between African American and poor whites in the South → eventually (1890s-1920s) African Americans give up playing banjo and fiddle because of the negative stereotypes purveyed by minstrelsy, in favor of the piano and guitar. this leads to the birth of ragtime, boogie woogie piano, blues, and rhythm and blues Minstrel = traveling musician Jethro Tull: “Minstrel in the Gallery” Thomas Moore: “Minstrel Boy” Minstrelsy = the first distinctively American form of popular culture. Featured mainly white performers who artificially blackened their skin and carried out parodies of African American music, dance, dress, and dialect. working-class white youth expressed their own sense of marginalization through an identification with African American cultural forms most songs were European in character and written in a childishly simple style, often drawing upon Irish or Scottish melodies minstrel show is direct ancestor of vaudeville , a kind of variety show that became the predominant form of popular entertainment in the late nineteenth and early twentieth-century America.
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