1Anthro 2 Reading: Ashmore + Sharer Ch. 2 10/1/08V. HISTORY OF ARCHAEOLOGY1. Practice of American Archaeology (1900-1920)A. Roots of Anthropological ArchaeologySplit from Classical ArchaeologyB. Study of Native American SocietiesHistoric ContinuitySmithsonian Institution – Bureau of AmericanEthnology (1894), National Museum(1879)C. Direct Historical ApproachUse knowledge of present to reconstruct pastD. Example: Mound Builders’ Debate, Cyrus ThomasMounds of Midwest and Southeast (burial,chief houses, geometric mounds)Who Built the Mounds?
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