Anthro2_Midterm2_ReviewSheet2 - Midterm 2 Review Sheet...

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Midterm 2 Review Sheet Anthro 2AC Fall 2008 Agency in archaeology - Not Robots;Faceless Blobs; responsibility for actions Antiquarians – a nonprofessional who studies archaeology for culture/art reasons Arbitrary/Natural Levels – site division, arbitrary used when bad stratigraphy Archaeological “cultures” – max grouping of all assemblages to rep. sum of human activities within an ancient culture Assemblages – total of all artifacts/ecofacts of a site Sub-assemblages – group of artifact classes based on form/function assumed to rep. an occupational group in an ancient community Behavioral processes – human activities (acquisition, manufacture, use, deposition) that produce tangible remains BVI, Little Jost Van Dyke John Chenoweth looking at Quakers/plantations. Research design and getting permits. Lewis Binford - one of the most influential processual archaeologists; pioneered analogy analysis technique (smudge pits) Bioturbation – rodent burrowing disturbance Broken K Pueblo - excavated by James Hill, also the subject of Mike Schiffer's critique of Hill on the basis of formation processes and context Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE) Powell: to organize anthro. research in US. Moundbuilders, Cyrus Thomas. Classification – stylistic, form, technological attributes Clovis, New Mexico – 13000yr old site. 2 diff types of projectile points found with extinct bison found beneath Folsom. Collaborative archaeology research/interpretation by archaeologists and local community (usually people whose past is subject) Community partnering – see above Conjunctive approach/ Walter Taylor - methodological alternative to traditional normative archaeology full range of a culture system was to be taken into consideration in explanatory models; 1 st contextual arch before processual. Meg Conkey – looked at gender/gender roles Critical theory - theoretical approach which stresses that all knowledge is historical, and in a sense biased Culture areas / Time-space grids - a region in which several groups have similar culture complexes Culture history approach (& critiques of it) - an approach to archaeological interpretation which uses the procedure of the traditional historian (Modal types to define culture. Used these to track culture through time). At the time when European powers were colonising non- Western societies, and was thus self-serving Cultural materialism - the theory, espoused by Marvin Harris, that ideas, values, and religious beliefs are the means or products of adaptation to environmental conditions ("material constraints") Cultural Resource Management - safeguarding of arch. heritage through protection of sites and through salvage arch. (rescue arch.), within legislation designed to safeguard the past Data universe – defined area of arch. Investigation usually a site or region in
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2009 for the course ANTHRO 2AC taught by Professor Wilkie during the Fall '07 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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Anthro2_Midterm2_ReviewSheet2 - Midterm 2 Review Sheet...

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