CH11, 12, 13

CH11, 12, 13 - motivation influences that acct for...

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motivation influences that acct for initiation, direction, intensity, and persistence of behavior motive reason or purpose for behavior instinct theory human behavior is motivated by automatic, involuntary, and unlearned responses homeostasis keep physiological systems at a stable, steady level by constantly adjusting themselves to change drive reduction theory theory of motivation stating that motivation arises from imbalances in homeostasis need requirement for well-being created by an imbalance in homeostasis primary drive arises from basic biological needs arousal level of activation reflected in several physiological systems arousal theories people are motivated to behave in ways that maintain an optimal level of arousal satiety condition of no longer wanting to eat incentive theory behavior directed toward attaining desirable stimuli and avoiding unwanted stimuli obesity person is severely overweight, BMI > 30 anorexia nervosa self-starvation and dramatic weight loss bulimia nervosa eating massive amts of food and exorcising the food by throwing up or laxatives sexual response cycle pattern of physiological arousal during and after sexual activity sex hormones chemicals in blood that have organizational and activational effects on sexual behavior estrogens feminine sex hormones in blood of men and women; more in women progestins feminine sex hormones in blood of men and women; more in women androgens masculine sex hormones in blood of men and women; more in men sexual dysfunctions problems w/sex involving motivation, arousal, or orgasmic response need achievement influenced by degree to which a person makes goals, cares about meeting them and is satisfied by doing so subjective well-being combo of cognitive judgment of satisfaction w/life, frequency of positive moods/ emotions, and infrequency of
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CH11, 12, 13 - motivation influences that acct for...

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