Chapter 7 - Chapter 7 Introduction Because of media...

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Chapter 7 Introduction Because of media attention children are being sentenced at younger ages for more serious crimes In 1997 there were an estimated 253,000 children arrested under 12 Preteen children are being charged with drug offenses, weapons violations, and violent crimes Police have been referring more children to court rather than handling calls informally o Probably due to the increase of seriousness of crimes committed by childhood offenders Childhood aggression 5 cognitive tasks for problem solving o Encoding o Mental representation o Response access o Response evaluation and selection o Enactment Aggressive children tend to have problems at all of these stages Some tendencies of childhood aggression are o Often fail to encode relevant environmental cues o Are biased to assign hostile intentions to their social partners o Generate fewer and less effective solutions for problematic situations o Pursue inappropriate social goals o Experience deficits in the enactment of many social behaviors o May display a degree of egocentrism in evaluating the social environment’s response to their behavior Aggressive children are more likely to assign hostile intent to another’s actions than nonaggressive children Aggressive children are more likely to interpret hostile intentions only when they are directly involved in an incident rather than when they are simply observing an incident Many of these children possess what is referred to as aggressive scripts that are learned in early childhood The most important cues are those from the environment that are identical with those present when the script was encoded in memory The child may not even think about the cues they may just simply react The definition of aggression includes o Causing or threatening to cause physical harm to others o Exhibiting actions directed toward others or toward objects with some intent to injure or destroy
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Aggression is not a psychiatric diagnosis in and of itself but is frequently associated with the behavioral disorders first diagnosed in childhood and adolescence Theoretical causes of aggression Parenting styles o Authoritarian parents Characterized as unrealistic and highly demanding Little knowledge of childhood developmental stages and often make demands that are beyond children at a given age range. Physically or verbally abusive if the child does not respond adequately o Permissive parents Nonresponsive to a child’s needs Neglectful to physical and emotional needs o Authoritative parents both demanding and responsive set standards for children’s conduct o uninvolved parents low in both responsiveness and demandingness Biology and genetics Family and social environment Beliefs, perceptions, and responses Risk factors associated with childhood aggression First five years are most important regarding risk factors for child delinquency
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course CJUS 251 taught by Professor Keene during the Spring '08 term at Lansing.

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Chapter 7 - Chapter 7 Introduction Because of media...

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