Chapter 4 - Chapter 4 Introduction Offenders have numerous...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 4 Introduction Offenders have numerous issues that surround and are intertwined with their propensity to commit crime. Risky sexual behaviors may be associated with a drug habit. Problems associated with communicable diseases are particularly pronounced among the offending population when compared to the non-offending population Sexually transmitted diseases Sexually transmitted diseases o Those that are transmitted from one person to another through sexual contact o Roughly 15 million cases of STDs reported each year o Some have a cure like gonorrhea, some do not like genital warts or AIDS Some STDs are uncomfortable, some are deadly Sexual contact includes more than just intercourse o It includes kissing, oral-genital contact, and the use of sexual "toys" o No such thing as safe sex Common STDs are o Human papalloma virus Most common STD Condoms provide almost no protection from this virus o Syphilis If left untreated, can lead to serious damage of the brain and heart Most common ways of getting it is vaginal, anal and oral sex o Chlamydia Usually has no symptoms 75% of women and 25% of men with the virus have no symptoms o Gonorrhea One of the most frequently reported STDs Can be cured with antibiotics Latex condoms can reduce but will not eliminate risk o Herpes Painful, episodic disease. Can be treated but not cured Spread by sexual skin to skin contact Some diseases such as syphilis can be spread just by rubbing against an open sore HIV and AIDS AIDS o Came to the attention of medical authorities in the US in 1981 HIV o Virus that leads to AIDS was not detected or understood until 1983
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
AIDS is caused by HIV Indication of HIV will show up until AIDS symptoms show Offenders who are intravenous drug users o At an increased risk of contracting illness from sharing injection equipment contaminated with microorganisms that spread the infection o 25 to 29 percent of AIDS cases are intravenous drug users HIV is transmitted vaginally, orally, and especially through anal sex HIV can be transmitted from mother to infant by the say of utero, during birth, or breast feeding. There is no known cure for HIV
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course CJUS 251 taught by Professor Keene during the Spring '08 term at Lansing.

Page1 / 5

Chapter 4 - Chapter 4 Introduction Offenders have numerous...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online