3_2_09 - Classics 222 notes for 3/2/09 The third test is on...

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Classics 222 notes for 3/2/09 The third test is on Monday 3/9. It will have exactly the same format as the third test from last year, which is available in a folder in the course documents area of the Blackboard site. Please test yourself as you will be tested. Note on journals: Please write one journal for each reading assignment, so ONE journal for books 1-2, ONE journal for books 3-4, etc. The Aeneid (cont.) The Aeneid is an epic written for a circumscribed audience of the wealthy and educated. Epic is a genre we haven't seen before. Homer defines it. Moderns make up a description, largely from reading Homer, in which an epic is a narrative with large extension in time and space, in which a hero is challenged in ways that deal with the BIG Questions, such as the relationship of the divine and the human, the tensions between duty and love, between family and society, the confrontation of death, and the meaning of life. After Homer, everyone was writing in his shadow. Vergil revives the genre by going beyond Homer. The Aeneid is an answer to Homer. It alludes to the Iliad and Odyssey a lot. The poem is divided into 12 book rolls: 1-6 Wanderings- like Odyssey, 7-12 War in Latium- like Iliad Three important differences between Vergil's Roman epic and Homer: 1) It’s completely literary, rather than an oral composition that’s written down 2) Roman Mythology explains Roman Greatness 3) The nature of the Heroes In the Iliad, Achilles: is insulted because his prize is taken away, sits on the beach and sulks, prays to his mother to let the Greeks loose until he gets his respect back. In the Odyssey , Odysseus: devious, trickster, lies for the sake of lying. Athena plots with him Aeneid : 700 years later (people had written epics in between but most were not considered noteworthy and have not survived). He is a man on a mission- not concerned with Glory or homecoming. Must find Italy and found the Roman race which is destined to conquer the world. Had been a prince of Troy, and has seen his home utterly destroyed. A perspective we just can’t have- loss and bitterness of civil war. Aeneas has lost practically everything- wife dies as he was leaving Troy. Wanders for seven years- home no longer exists- Where is there any joy left in this life? But Aeneas goes on, because he has a duty to find Italy and found the race from which Rome will come. Aeneas is the first hero in Western Epic that is a grown-up. He doesn’t want to do it- but
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2009 for the course CLASSICS 222 taught by Professor Craig during the Spring '09 term at University of Tennessee.

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3_2_09 - Classics 222 notes for 3/2/09 The third test is on...

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