Chapter 13

Chapter 13 - Chapter 13 Introduction Most female offenders...

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Introduction Most female offenders are minority members Usually have few options and few economic resources Domestic violence Female offenders are likely to have histories of physical abuse Abuse has been perpetrated by a boyfriend or husband or parent Most of the family and friends of these women and girls are or have been in the criminal justice system Most women who offend are secondary accomplices with male primary offenders Physical and sexual abuse Some findings in a study of physical and sexual abuse are o Males tend to be mistreated as children, but females are mistreated as adults and children o Both genders reported much more abuse if they had lived in a foster home or other structured institution o Higher levels of abuse were reported among offenders who had a family member who was incarcerated o Offenders reporting prior abuse had higher levels of drug and alcohol abuse than those who did not report abuse o Female offenders who were abused did abuse drugs or alcohol more frequently than did male offenders Sex industry activity and sexually transmitted diseases Female criminals often have some sort of history of prostitution Drugs Drug use is a major contributor to female criminality When dealing with female offenders addressing drug use is critical n preventing recidivism Violent crime Most female crimes are larceny, theft, and fraud Most females who commit homicide kill intimates, usually in self defense or in retaliatory response to abuse Females are usually referred to as victim turned offender o Because of retaliatory crimes Mental Health issues Mental health issues for female offenders are often tied to stages in their life cycle and development Most disorders develop because of stress Men tend to mask their depression in anger, whereas women show their depression for what it is, this has to do with socialization Females have higher rates of depression and post traumatic stress disorders because of battering Female offenders as mothers
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course CJUS 251 taught by Professor Keene during the Spring '08 term at Lansing.

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Chapter 13 - Chapter 13 Introduction Most female offenders...

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