chapter 5 - Introduction The problems associated with...

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Unformatted text preview: Introduction The problems associated with mentally disordered offenders may have less to do with their actual threat to society and more to do with the bizarre nature of their behavior The media has portrayed the mentally ill as not only criminal but also outright violent The DSM-IV-TR is a manual published by the American psychiatric Association and is formed by gatherings of psychiatrists applying a specific diagnosis to a person presenting with a mental disorder Mental illness o Is any diagnosed disorder contained within the DSM-IV-TR Mental illness causes severe disturbances in thought, emotions, and ability to cope with the demands of daily life Common types of mental disorders in the Criminal Justice system There are specific types of disorders that are more problematic than others o Mood disorders, schizophrenic disorders, and personality disorders Dual diagnosis o Many offenders also have addiction to substance abuse disorders that are comorbid with the primary diagnosis. o The offender has two ore more disorders Mood disorders are those disorders such as o Major depressive disorder Characterized by one or more major depressive episodes Most common mood disorder associated with the offender population. o Bipolar disorder Characterized by one or more manic episodes, usually accompanied by major depressive episodes Usually will have mood swings that go back and forth between manic and depressive states o Dystymic disorder Characterized by at least two years of depressed mood for more days than not Accompanied by additional depressive symptoms hat do not meet the criteria for a major depressive disorder The degree of impairment associated with major depressive disorder varies, but even in mild cases there must be either clinically significant distress or some interference in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning. The person will usually have decreased energy, tiredness, and fatigue without physical exertion There are many designations for depression within the DSM-IV-TR that have to do with things such as o Life course events, the use of toxic substances, or physiological factors some signs of depression are o persistent sad, anxious, or empty mood o feelings of hopelessness or pessimism o feelings of guilt, worthlessness, or helplessness o loss of interest or pleasure in hobbies and activities that were once enjoyed, including sex o decreased energy, fatigue, or being slowed down o difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions o insomnia, early morning awakening, or oversleeping o appetite and or weight loss or overeating and weight gain o thoughts of death or suicide or suicide attempts o restlessness or irritability o persistent physical symptoms that do not respond to treatment, such as headaches, digestive disorders, and chronic pain manic symptoms can include o abnormal r excessive elation o unusual irritability o decreased need for sleep...
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course CJUS 251 taught by Professor Keene during the Spring '08 term at Lansing.

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chapter 5 - Introduction The problems associated with...

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