Chapter 2 - Chapter 2 Introduction The purpose of this...

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Chapter 2 Introduction The purpose of this chapter is to introduce the student to the various considerations involved with monitoring and supervising special needs offenders in the community. The term prognosis refers to the likelihood of an offender to successfully reform and to simultaneously refrain from further criminal activity. There is both a treatment related component (reform) related to an offender's prognosis and a public safety (likelihood of further criminal activity) component contained with an offender's prognosis. There are four general stages of offender supervision and treatment planning for both institutional and community based corrections. 1) Assessment stage refers to both subjective methods of clinical interviews and observations and objective methods of test taking. 2) Diagnostic stage refers to the process of diagnosing offenders based on physical health or mental illness or the diagnosis of offenders based on the types of challenges they may face. 3) Recidivism prediction stage takes assessment and diagnostic information into consideration to determine the basic level of risk that an offender holds for further offending, and this stage is usually the framework from which classification stage decisions are developed. 4) Classification stage includes housing, job, and educational assignments within institutions as well as treatment, vocational, and supervision schemes for offenders on community supervision. Intake is the initial process that an offender enters into in the correctional system. This process is heavily tied to information obtained from the pre-sentence investigation report that the probation department will provide to the presiding judge of an offender's case. The pre-sentence investigation report is the file that includes a wide range of background information on the offender. It is always strongly recommended that all security level determinations be based solely on objective assessment instruments and that subjective criteria be avoided when issues of public safety are at stake. Although on the other hand when making determinations regarding treatment progress, the use of subjective criteria from the specific primary treatment provider should be utilized more than any other form of assessment. The offender supervision process revolves around two key forms of response to the offending population: the goals of incapacitation and treatment. Incapacitation is the process of simply removing offenders from society so that they cannot cause further harm to the public. Treatment is the process whereby offenders are provided some form of intervention that will help them function within society without resorting to criminal behavior. Special needs offenders and the assessment stage: objective
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course CJUS 251 taught by Professor Keene during the Spring '08 term at Lansing.

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Chapter 2 - Chapter 2 Introduction The purpose of this...

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