Week 1 Introduction to Anthropology ANTH 101

Week 1 Introduction to Anthropology ANTH 101 - Introduction...

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Introduction to Anthropology
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What is anthropology? Anthropology is the systematic study of humankind in all times and places. History of Anthropology as an Academic Discipline Anthropology is a fairly recent discipline a. Herodotus (5th c BC) & Ibn Khaldun (14th c AD) are notable exceptions b. Modern Anthropology Examples: Schools of Anthropology 1. British Anthropology: Bronislaw Malinowski 2. American Anthropology: Franz Boas
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Anthropology and the Other Sciences • Scholars other than anthropologists study people • Most other scholars specialize their studies of people • political scientists: study of people's political systems • economists: study of people's resource management • biologists, anatomists: study of people's bodies • Anthropologists try to synthesize studies that other people-oriented studies develop
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Goals and Perspective of Anthropology Two major goals: Understand uniqueness and diversity Discover fundamental similarities (universals?) Anthropological Perspective Holistic: a fundamental principle of anthropology, that the various parts of culture must be viewed in the broadest possible context in order to understand their interconnections and interdependence Comparative: developing an understanding of human diversity by comparing cultures and peoples in different places and/or times. Cultural Relativism
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Four-field Approach Four subdisciplines bridge science and humanities: Physical Anthropology Archaeology Linguistic Anthropology Cultural Anthropology
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1. Physical Anthropology Primarily concerned with humans as a biological species Most closely related to natural sciences Major research areas: Human evolution Modern human variation Subdisciplines: Paleoanthropology, primatology, forensics, genetics
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2. Archaeology Archaeologists seek out and examine
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course ANTH 101 taught by Professor Yukleyen,ahmet during the Spring '08 term at Ole Miss.

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Week 1 Introduction to Anthropology ANTH 101 - Introduction...

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