01-22-09 The Old Regime and the Origins of the French Revolution

01-22-09 The Old Regime and the Origins of the French Revolution

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1/22/09 The Old Regime and the Origins of the French Revolution I. Europe under the Old Regime a. Rural Life in the 18 th Century b. Political Conditions II. France in the 18 th Century a. Social and Political Structure b. The Economy III. French Revolution: Main Themes Rousseau - Society oriented toward greater good - The problem is balancing freedom with equality What is Europe? - Three factors: people, political systems, territory - 1721 map doesn’t have Germany or Italy - Eastern boundary of Europe as vague - Hungary, though big, becomes a small player in European affairs Rural Life in 18 th Century - Agriculture is the dominant occupation during this period - 90% of population of Balkan areas live in the countryside - No European state where fewer than 80% live in the countryside - The only city with a million people is London - Paris has about 600,000; about twenty cities have 100,000 - Wealth is mostly produced by agricultural production, with the exception of the growing class of merchants in France
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01-22-09 The Old Regime and the Origins of the French Revolution

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