01-29-09 The Radical Revolution and Descent into Terror

01-29-09 The Radical Revolution and Descent into Terror -...

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1/29/09 The Radical Revolution and Descent into Terror I. The Constitutional Monarchy a. The Constitution b. The Church c. Rights II. The Fall of the Monarchy a. The King’s Flight b. France at War III. The “Radical Revolution” a. Political Groups b. Revolutionary Culture c. Regicide d. Terror Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen - “Supreme Being” - “Men are born and remain free”: taken from Rousseau, “men are born free but are in chains”; also the gender issue - “…and equal in rights”: land rights, enables people to be wealthier than others - “2. …natural and imprescriptible rights of man; these rights are liberty, property, security, and resistance to opposition” - “3. …source of all sovereignty is located in essence in the nation”; the king is there because the nation puts him there, not God, therefore, if the nation doesn’t like the king, they can dispose of him - “6. The law is the expression of the general will”; things must be given up First Phase of FR: Liberal Revolution - Two revolutions: 1789, Liberal Rev. with the Storming of Bastille; Radical Revolution, 1792 - Liberalism as a political philosophy oriented around the rights of the individual, the basic social unit of a society
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2009 for the course HIST 104 taught by Professor Lerner during the Spring '09 term at USC.

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01-29-09 The Radical Revolution and Descent into Terror -...

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