02-05-09 The Industrial Revolution and Early Liberalism

02-05-09 The Industrial Revolution and Early Liberalism -...

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2/5/09 The Industrial Revolution and Early Liberalism I. The Industrial Revolution a. Main Themes b. The Industrial Revolution in Britain II. Early Liberalism a. Smith b. Bentham c. Malthus The Industrial Revolution - Affected all parts of society - Estate system changes into system of social class - The individual is the fundamental nit of society, not other aggregate structures - Rapid population growth in many parts of Europe, especially in the cities - Things like gas streetlights, sidewalks are invented during these times - Cities have places of amusement like parks, restaurants, shopping areas - The clock is used as a structured reference of time - The seasonal changes of agricultural life doesn’t matter to you if you are working in a factory - More distant from nature now, human beings are or can be in charge - Began in 1770s, term used in 1820s - More wealth was concentrated in a few hands, creating large disparities between rich and poor, leading to a mass urban underclass - The bourgeoisie becomes the class that achieves domination - Frederick Engels wrote extensively about poverty and family conditions; one of
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2009 for the course HIST 104 taught by Professor Lerner during the Spring '09 term at USC.

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02-05-09 The Industrial Revolution and Early Liberalism -...

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