Week 4 Language ANTH 101

Week 4 Language ANTH 101 - Language and Communication...

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Language and Communication Linguistic Anthropology What is language? How is language related to culture? How did language begin? What is the relationship between language and social reality?
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Introduction Culture is the medium of survival for people Because culture is learned, it must have an efficient means of transmission language satisfies that need, to varying degrees it is important to note: all human languages are incredibly complex Language: is a system of communication using sounds or gestures put together in meaningful ways according to a set of rules Language permeates everything we do It is a central part of our lives
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Language as Symbols Language is a system of symbols by which we communicate Symbols: sounds or gestures that stand for meanings among a group of people every society depends on this symbolic system for mere, basic survival symbols are always invested with meaning the society invests the symbol with meaning. Examples : colors have symbolic association (Death = black [or white]) numbers have symbolic significance (numerology, #3, #7) landmarks, areas, blocks in cities specific people—heroes, celebrities, criminals, nationalities arts (the arts itself is an entire symbolic universe)
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The Nature of Language no language has more than 50 sounds over 6,000 existing human languages today Linguistics: the modern scientific study of all aspects of language scholars in India over 2,000 years ago studied the basics of language Age of Discovery in Europe stimulated research into language by bringing so many new languages to Western light 19th century's contribution: discovering the system inherent in language formulating laws and principles creating the science of linguistics (at that time called philology )
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In order to test the principles, laws, the theories , basic scientific processes must be used and tested Sound itself is the basic element in language formation, so the particulars of its creation must be understood in a scientific, testable way Phonology: the study of language sounds Phonetics: The systematic identification and description of distinctive speech sounds in a language Phonetics is the systematic study of sound absolutely necessary to understand the fundamentals of
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course ANTH 101 taught by Professor Yukleyen,ahmet during the Spring '08 term at Ole Miss.

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Week 4 Language ANTH 101 - Language and Communication...

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