03-24-09 Race, Imperialism

03-24-09 Race, Imperialism - 3/24/09 Race, Empire and the...

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3/24/09 Race, Empire and the “Scramble for Africa” I. The Scramble for Africa a. Belgium and the Congo b. The Berlin Congress c. The New Imperialism Reconsidered II. Heart of Darkness Scramble for Africa - Limited to coastal areas - New imperialism began around the 1870s (1876) Belgium and the Congo - King Leopold and his brutal domination of the Congo - Leopold was king from 1685 to 1909 - Doesn’t dominate Congo for Belgium’s benefit, but for his own benefit - In 1876 organized a cartel which established trading stations on rivers - Tried to obtain ivory and rubber - 10 million Congonese probably died in the 1870s; elephants and rubber trees were decimated - Imperialism didn’t make much profit for countries, but it did make profits for individuals and private companies Berlin Congress - Otto von Bismarck was an opponent of imperialism but became a supporter - Gave Leopold the right to own the Congo - Prohibited the slave trade - Created a system for European States not to get into conflict concerning Africa
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2009 for the course HIST 104 taught by Professor Lerner during the Spring '09 term at USC.

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03-24-09 Race, Imperialism - 3/24/09 Race, Empire and the...

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