04-07-09 Intro to Fascism

04-07-09 Intro to Fascism - 4/7/09 I. Introduction to...

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4/7/09 I. Introduction to Fascism: Definitions and Distinctions a. Fascism isn’t just one thing i. Divided between countries and within countries b. Italy, Germany, Portugal and Hungary are four fascist states c. Overarching qualities of fascism i. Nationalism 1. Extreme pride in one’s country 2. Territory isn’t just a piece of land—there’s a spiritual attachment to the land 3. Italians are presented as a race —an organic, biological bond a. Pg.38 ( Fascism ) – a living being, organism ii. Youth regeneration 1. Pg. 41 – regenerative properties of war; birth of stronger people iii. Strong state involved in daily life iv. Economics: anti-capitalism and anti-communism 1. Main constituency is between bourgeoisie and proletariat v. Strong, charismatic leader 1. Mussolini is the Duce ; Hitler the Fuhr vi. Violence 1. Uses violence from beginning to end; source of intimidation 2. Starts in Italy with people in black clothes beating up socialists vii.Male culture 1. In Germany, women follow 3 Ks – children, kitchen, church
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04-07-09 Intro to Fascism - 4/7/09 I. Introduction to...

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